References: Books

    (Books in bold have been thoroughly mined for results at least up to 1902)
  1. Adams. Gyula Breyer
        Adams, Jimmy. Gyula Breyer, the Chess Revolutionary. New in Chess, 2017.
  2. Adams. Johannes Zukertort
        Adams, Jimmy. Johannes Zukertort: Artist of the Chessboard. New in Chess, 2014.
  3. Adams. Mikhail Chigorin
        Adams, Jimmy. Mikhail Chigorin, the Creative Genius. New in Chess, 2016.
  4. Allen and von Heydebrand und der Lasa. Life of Phildor
        Allen, George and von Heydebrand und der Lasa, Tassilo. The Life of Philidor, Musician and Chess-Player. E.H. Butler, 1863. [web link]
  5. Beeby. Chess Match Between Staunton and Lowe
        Beeby, Thomas. An Account of the Late Chess Match Between Mr. Howard Staunton and Mr. Lowe. Charles Gilpin, 1848. [web link]
  6. Bestuur. Schaken, Soerabaiasche Schaakclub
        Bestuur, Het. Schaken, Ter herinnering aan het 20-jarig bestann van de Soerabaiasche Schaakclub. J. M. Chs. Nijland, 1917. [web link]
  7. Bignold. Australian Chess Annual
        Bignold, H.B. The Australian Chess Annual. George Robertson and Co., 1896. [web link]
  8. Bird. Chess History and Reminiscences
        Bird, Henry Edward. Chess History and Reminiscences. 1893 (See A Chess Omnibus, p.139). [web link]
  9. Boffa. François André Danican Philidor
        Boffa, Sergio. François André Danican Philidor, La culture échiquéenne en France et en Engleterre au XVIIIe siècle. Moravian, 2010.
  10. Brown. Chess Annual 1916
        Brown, I.M. Chess Annual 1916. British Chess Magazine, 1916.
  11. Burt. Bristol Chess Club
        Burt, John. The Bristol Chess Club. James Fawn, 1883. [web link]
  12. Chess Association. Manchester 1857 Report
        Chess Association. Report of the Annual Meeting of the Chess Association Held at Manchester in August, 1857. Cave and Sever, 1857. [web link]
  13. Chess Association of Victoria. Victoria versus New South Wales 1870
        Chess Association of Victoria. The Games of the Intercolonial Chess Match, Victoria versus New South Wales, Nov. 9, 1870. A.L. Henriques, 1871. [web link]
  14. Cornil. Le Café de la Régence
        Cornil, Etienne. Le Café de la Régence. Cercle Royal des Echecs de Bruxelles, 2007. [web link]
  15. Cornil. Historique des revues francophones
        Cornil, Etienne. Historique des revues échiquéennes francophones. Cercle Royal des Echecs de Bruxelles, 2006. [web link]
  16. Czoelner. Alexandre Honoré Deschapelles
        Czoelner, Robert. Alexandre Honoré Deschapelles, the French King of Chess. Self-published, 2011.
  17. D'Ambrosio. Meran 1924 and 1926
        D'Ambrosio, Luca. Die internationalen Schachturniere zu Meran 1924 und 1926. Schachklub ARCI Bozen, 2014.
  18. Döbereiner. Altonaer Adressbuch 1892
        Döbereiner, Friedrich Wilhelm. Altonaer Adressbuch für 1892. H.W. Köbner, 1892. [web link]
  19. Davies. Samuel Lipschütz
        Davies, Stephen. Samuel Lipschütz, A Life in Chess. McFarland, 2015.
  20. Di Felice. Chess Results, 1747-1900
        Di Felice, Gino. Chess Results, 1747-1900. McFarland, 2004.
  21. Di Felice. Chess Results, 1901-1920
        Di Felice, Gino. Chess Results, 1901-1920. McFarland, 2005.
  22. Di Felice. Chess Results, 1921-1930
        Di Felice, Gino. Chess Results, 1921-1930. McFarland, 2006.
  23. Donaldson and Minev. Life and Games of Rubinstein, Vol. 2
        Donaldson, John and Minev, Nikolay. The Life and Games of Akiva Rubinstein, Volume 1: The Later Years. Russell Enterprises, 2011.
  24. Donaldson and Minev. Life and Games of Rubinstein, Vol. 1
        Donaldson, John and Minev, Nikolay. The Life and Games of Akiva Rubinstein, Volume 1: Uncrowned King. Russell Enterprises, 2006.
  25. Edgar. Liverpool Chess Club
        Edgar, J.S. Liverpool Chess Club, A Short Sketch of the Club.... Liverpool Chess Club, 1893. [web link]
  26. Edge. Exploits of Morphy
        Edge, Frederick Milnes. The Exploits and Triumphs in Europe of Paul Morphy, the Chess Champion. D. Appleton, 1859. [web link]
  27. Edinburgh Club. Games of London-Edinburgh Match
        Edinburgh Club. The Games of the Match at Chess Played Between the London and Edinburgh Chess Clubs, in 1824, 1825, 1826, 1827, and 1828. Blackwood, 1829. [web link]
  28. Elo. Rating of Chessplayers
        Elo, Arpad. The Rating of Chessplayers, past and present. Arco, 1978.
  29. Féry d'Esclands. Congrès des Échecs 1867
        Féry d'Esclands, Alphonse. Congrès International des Échecs 1867. Charles Lahure, 1868. [web link]
  30. Feenstra Kuiper. 100 Jahre Schachturniere
        Feenstra Kuiper, Pieter. Hundert Jahre Schachturniere. W. Ten Have N.V., 1964.
  31. Feenstra Kuiper. 100 Jahre Schachzweikämpfe
        Feenstra Kuiper, Pieter. Hundert Jahre Schachzweikämpfe. W. Ten Have N.V., 1967.
  32. Fiala. Cologne 1898
        Fiala, Vlastimil. 11th Congress of the German Chess Association, Cologne 1898. Moravian, 1997.
  33. Fiala. The Hague 1873
        Fiala, Vlastimil. First Congress of the Dutch Chess Association: The Hague 1873. Moravian, 2005.
  34. Fiala. Olrich Duras, Vol.1
        Fiala, Vlastimil. Oldřich Duras, Master of Chess Combination, Vol.1. Moravian, 2014.
  35. Fiske. First American Chess Congress
        Fiske, Daniel W. The Book of the First American Chess Congress. Rudd and Carleton, 1859 (Olms, 1985).
  36. Forster. Amos Burn
        Forster, Richard. Amos Burn: A Chess Biography. McFarland, 2004.
  37. Forster. The Zurich Chess Club
        Forster, Richard. The Zurich Chess Club, 1809-2009. McFarland, 2011.
  38. Forster, Negele and Tischbierek. Emanuel Lasker, Vol.I
        Forster, Richard, Negele, Michael and Tischbierek, Raj. Emanuel Lasker, Vol.I. Exzelsior Verlag, 2018.
  39. Forster, Negele and Tischbierek. Emanuel Lasker, Vol.II
        Forster, Richard, Negele, Michael and Tischbierek, Raj. Emanuel Lasker, Vol.II. Exzelsior Verlag, 2020.
  40. Gaige. Chess Personalia
        Gaige, Jeremy. Chess Personalia: A Biobibliography. McFarland, 1987.
  41. Gaige. Chess Tournament Crosstables I
        Gaige, Jeremy. Chess Tournament Crosstables, vol. I (1851-1900). Self-published, 1969.
  42. Gaige. Chess Tournament Crosstables II
        Gaige, Jeremy. Chess Tournament Crosstables, vol. II (1901-1910). Self-published, 1971.
  43. Gaige. Chess Tournament Crosstables III
        Gaige, Jeremy. Chess Tournament Crosstables, vol. III (1911-1920). Self-published, 1972.
  44. Gaige. Chess Tournament Crosstables IV
        Gaige, Jeremy. Chess Tournament Crosstables, vol. IV (1921-1930). Self-published, 1974.
  45. Gilberg. Fifth American Chess Congress
        Gilberg, Charles A. The Fifth American Chess Congress. Brentano's Literary Emporium, 1881 (Olms, 1986).
  46. Gillam. London, 1868/9
        Gillam, A.J. The Meeting of the British Chess Association, London 1868/9. The Chess Player, 2003.
  47. Goldman. Carl Schlechter!
        Goldman, Warren. Carl Schlechter! Life and Times of the Austrian Chess Wizard. Caissa, 1994.
  48. Goldstein. Chess Annual 1926
        Goldstein, M.E. Chess Annual 1926. British Chess Magazine, 1926.
  49. Golombek. Golombek's Encyclopedia
        Golombek, Harry. Golombek's Encyclopedia of Chess. Batsford, 1977.
  50. Gordon. Samuel Reshevsky
        Gordon, Stephen W. Samuel Reshevsky. McFarland, 1997.
  51. Grodzensky. Russian Postal Chess (2nd ed.)
        Grodzensky, Sergey. Шахматная почта России: турниры, партии, личности. 2-е издание., 2017. [web link]
  52. Grodzensky. Encyclopaedia of Correspondence Chess
        Grodzensky, Sergey. Энциклопедия заочных шахмат., 2018. [web link]
  53. H.W. Köbner and Co.. Altonaer Adress-buch 1906
        H.W. Köbner and Co. Altonaer Adress-buch für 1906. H.W. Köbner, 1906. [web link]
  54. Hamburger Schachklub. Chronik des Hamburger Schachklubs
        Hamburger Schachklub. Transkription der handschriftlichen Chronik des Hamburger Schachklubs von 1830 bis 1946. Hamburger Schachklub, 2006. [web link]
  55. Hannak. Emanuel Lasker
        Hannak, J. Emanuel Lasker: The Life of a Chess Master. Simon and Schuster, 1959.
  56. Harding. Correspondence Chess
        Harding, Tim. Correspondence Chess in Britain and Ireland, 1824 - 1987. McFarland, 2011.
  57. Harding. Eminent Victorian Chess Players
        Harding, Tim. Eminent Victorian Chess Players, Ten Biographies. McFarland, 2012.
  58. Harding. Joseph Henry Blackburne
        Harding, Tim. Joseph Henry Blackburne, A Chess Biography. McFarland, 2015.
  59. Harding. Steinitz in London
        Harding, Tim. Steinitz in London. McFarland, 2020.
  60. Harding. Doctoral thesis
        Harding, Timothy. 'Battle at long range': correspondence chess in Britain and Ireland, 1824-1914, a social and cultural history. Dublin University, 2009.
  61. Hilbert. Emil Kemeny
        Hilbert, John S. Emil Kemeny, A Life in Chess. McFarland, 2013.
  62. Hilbert. Essays in American Chess History
        Hilbert, John S. Essays in American Chess History. Caissa, 2002.
  63. Hilbert. Napier
        Hilbert, John S. Napier, the Forgotten Chessmaster. McFarland, 1997.
  64. Hilbert. Buffalo 1901 and 1894
        Hilbert, John S. The New York State Chess Association Congresses, Buffalo 1894 and 1901. Caissa, 1996.
  65. Hilbert. Tragic Life of Leonard
        Hilbert, John S. The Tragic Life and Short Chess Career of James A. Leonard, 1841-1862. McFarland, 2006.
  66. Hilbert. Walter Penn Shipley
        Hilbert, John S. Walter Penn Shipley, Philadelphia's Friend of Chess. McFarland, 2003.
  67. Hilbert. Writings in Chess History
        Hilbert, John S. Writings in Chess History. Moravian, 2012.
  68. Hilbert. Young Marshall
        Hilbert, John S. Young Marshall. Moravian, 2002.
  69. Hilbert and Lahde. Albert Beauregard Hodges
        Hilbert, John S. and Lahde, Peter P. Albert Beauregard Hodges: The Man Chess Made. McFarland, 2008.
  70. Hillyer. Thomas Frère
        Hillyer, Martin Frère. Thomas Frère and the Brotherhood of Chess. McFarland, 2007.
  71. Hindle. Blackburne, Final Years
        Hindle, Owen. J.H. Blackburne, the Final Years. The Chess Player, 1998.
  72. Hindle. Mystery of Edward Pindar
        Hindle, Owen. The Mystery of Edward Pindar, Chess Nomad. Ostrava, 2005.
  73. Hindle and Jones. English Morphy?
        Hindle, Owen and Jones, Bob. 'The English Morphy'?. Keverel, 2001.
  74. von Holzhausen. Der 25. Kongress des Deutschen Schachbundes
        von Holzhausen, Walther. Der fünfundzwanzigste Kongress des Deutschen Schachbundes in Madgeburg 1927. Schachverlag Bernhard Kagan, 1927.
  75. Hooper and Brandreth. Unknown Capablanca
        Hooper, David and Brandreth, Dale. The Unknown Capablanca. Batsford, 1975.
  76. Hooper and Whyld. Oxford Companion (1st ed.)
        Hooper, David and Whyld, Kenneth. The Oxford Companion to Chess. Oxford, 1984.
  77. Hooper and Whyld. Oxford Companion (2nd ed.)
        Hooper, David and Whyld, Kenneth. The Oxford Companion to Chess (2nd ed.). Oxford, 1992.
  78. Hunneman. Selection of Games by the Automaton
        Hunneman, W.J. Chess, A Selection of Fifty Games, from those played by the Automaton Chess Player.... W. Pople, 1820. [web link]
  79. Keller. Schach in Bremen I
        Keller, Hanno. Schach in Bremen, vol. I. Hanno Keller, 1987. [web link]
  80. Khasanov. History of Chess in Tatarstan, Vol. 1
        Khasanov, Marat. History of Chess in Tatarstan, Vol. 1. Ideal Press, 2018.
  81. Kieseritzky. Cinquante Parties
        Kieseritzky, Lionel. Cinquante Parties Jouées au Cercle des Échecs.... Café de la Régence, 1846. [web link]
  82. King. Sultan Khan
        King, Daniel. Sultan Khan. New in Chess, 2020.
  83. Koch. Notebooks
        Koch, Berthold. Notebooks. unpublished (owned by Helmut Koch), 1920s.
  84. Kogan. History of Chess in the USSR
        Kogan, M.S. Essays on the History of Chess in the USSR. State Publishing House, 1938.
  85. Kramer. Der 24. Kongress des Deutschen Schachbundes
        Kramer, Adolf. Der 24. Kongress des Deutschen Schachbundes in Breslau 1925. Schachverlag Bernhard Kagan, 1925.
  86. Löwenthal and Medley. Chess Congress of 1862
        Löwenthal, Johann J. and Medley, George W. The Chess Congress of 1862. Henry G. Bohn, 1864. [web link]
  87. Löwenthal and Medley. Transactions of the BCA, 1868-1869
        Löwenthal, Johann J. and Medley, George W. Transactions of the British Chess Association for the Years 1868 and 1869. Longmans, Green, Reader and Dyer, 1869 (Moravian).
  88. Lahde. Isaac Kashdan
        Lahde, Peter P. Isaac Kashdan, American Chess Grandmaster. McFarland, 2009.
  89. Landsberger. Steinitz Papers
        Landsberger, Kurt. The Steinitz Papers, Letters and Documents of the First World Chess Champion. McFarland, 2002.
  90. Landsberger. William Steinitz
        Landsberger, Kurt. William Steinitz, Chess Champion. McFarland, 1993.
  91. Lange and Falkbeer. Paul Morphy Sketch
        Lange, Max and Falkbeer, Ernst. Paul Morphy, A Sketch from the Chess World. J.H. Starie, 1860.
  92. von der Lasa. Berliner Schach-Erinnerungen
        von der Lasa, Tassilo. Berliner Schach-Erinnerungen Nebst den Spielen des Greco und Lucena. Von Veit, 1859. [web link]
  93. Lasker. Lasker's Manual of Chess
        Lasker, Emanuel. Lasker's Manual of Chess. McKay, 1947 (Dover, 1960).
  94. Lawson. Paul Morphy
        Lawson, David. Paul Morphy, the Pride and Sorrow of Chess. David McKay, 1976.
  95. Levitt. The Turk, Chess Automaton
        Levitt, Gerald M. The Turk, Chess Automaton. McFarland, 2000.
  96. Linder. First Russian Masters
        Linder, Isaak. The First Russian Masters. 'Physical Culture and Sports', 1979.
  97. Márquez Sterling. Match de Ajedrez, Vazquez y Márquez Sterling
        Márquez Sterling, Manuel. Match de Ajedrez Jugado entre los Sres. Andrés Clemente Vázquez y Manuel Márquez Sterling. Club 'Mariano Eguilez', 1895. [web link]
  98. Malthan, Schellenberg and et al.. Schachkongress des Barmer Schachvereins 1905
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  99. Marceau and Márquez Sterling. Match Escontria v. Marquez Sterling
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  100. Marquez Sterling. Lasker, Hodges, Mexico
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  101. Marquez Sterling. Páginas de Ajedrez
        Marquez Sterling, Manuel. Páginas de Ajedrez. Librería de Fernando Fé, 1896. [web link]
  102. Marquez Sterling. Un Poco de Ajedrez
        Marquez Sterling, Manuel. Un Poco de Ajedrez. Antigua Imprenta de Comercio, 1893. [web link]
  103. McGowan. Kurt Richter
        McGowan, Alan. Kurt Richter. McFarland, 2018.
  104. Milán. Torre y sus Contemporáneos
        Milán, Gilberto Repetto. Torre y sus Contemporáneos. Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, 2005. [web link]
  105. Minckwitz. Neunte Rheinische Schachcongress
        Minckwitz, J. Der Neunte Rheinische Schachcongress abgehalten zu Crefeld 1871. von Veit, 1874. [web link]
  106. Modliba. Österreichische Schachgeschichte
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  107. Morais. The Jews of Philadelphia
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  108. Moran. Campeones y Campeonatos
        Moran, Pablo. Campeones y Campeonatos de España de Ajedrez. Editorial Ricardo Aguilera, 1974.
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  125. Renette. Louis Paulsen
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  126. Renette and Zavatarelli. Neumann, Hirschfeld and Suhle
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  154. Urcan. Julius Finn
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  155. Urcan and Braunwarth. Arthur Kaufmann
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