References: Books

    (Books in bold have been thoroughly mined for results at least up to 1902)
  1. Allen and von Heydebrand und der Lasa. Life of Phildor
        Allen, George and von Heydebrand und der Lasa, Tassilo. The Life of Philidor, Musician and Chess-Player. E.H. Butler, 1863. [web link]
  2. Beeby. Chess Match Between Staunton and Lowe
        Beeby, Thomas. An Account of the Late Chess Match Between Mr. Howard Staunton and Mr. Lowe. Charles Gilpin, 1848. [web link]
  3. Bird. Chess History and Reminiscences
        Bird, Henry Edward. Chess History and Reminiscences. 1893 (See A Chess Omnibus, p.139). [web link]
  4. Boffa. François André Danican Philidor
        Boffa, Sergio. François André Danican Philidor, La culture échiquéenne en France et en Engleterre au XVIIIe siècle. Moravian, 2010.
  5. Burt. Bristol Chess Club
        Burt, John. The Bristol Chess Club. James Fawn, 1883. [web link]
  6. Chess Association of Victoria. Victoria versus New South Wales 1870
        Chess Association of Victoria. The Games of the Intercolonial Chess Match, Victoria versus New South Wales, Nov. 9, 1870. A.L. Henriques, 1871. [web link]
  7. Cornil. Le Café de la Régence
        Cornil, Etienne. Le Café de la Régence. Cercle Royal des Echecs de Bruxelles, 2007. [web link]
  8. Cornil. Historique des revues francophones
        Cornil, Etienne. Historique des revues échiquéennes francophones. Cercle Royal des Echecs de Bruxelles, 2006. [web link]
  9. Czoelner. Alexandre Honoré Deschapelles
        Czoelner, Robert. Alexandre Honoré Deschapelles, the French King of Chess. Self-published, 2011.
  10. Di Felice. Chess Results, 1747-1900
        Di Felice, Gino. Chess Results, 1747-1900. McFarland, 2004.
  11. Di Felice. Chess Results, 1901-1920
        Di Felice, Gino. Chess Results, 1901-1920. McFarland, 2005.
  12. Edgar. Liverpool Chess Club
        Edgar, J.S. Liverpool Chess Club, A Short Sketch of the Club.... Liverpool Chess Club, 1893. [web link]
  13. Edge. Exploits of Morphy
        Edge, Frederick Milnes. The Exploits and Triumphs in Europe of Paul Morphy, the Chess Champion. D. Appleton, 1859. [web link]
  14. Edinburgh Club. Games of London-Edinburgh Match
        Edinburgh Club. The Games of the Match at Chess Played Between the London and Edinburgh Chess Clubs, in 1824, 1825, 1826, 1827, and 1828. Blackwood, 1829. [web link]
  15. Elo. Rating of Chessplayers
        Elo, Arpad. The Rating of Chessplayers, past and present. Arco, 1978.
  16. Féry d'Esclands. Congrès des Échecs 1867
        Féry d'Esclands, Alphonse. Congrès International des Échecs 1867. Charles Lahure, 1868. [web link]
  17. Feenstra Kuiper. 100 Jahre Schachturniere
        Feenstra Kuiper, Pieter. Hundert Jahre Schachturniere. W. Ten Have N.V., 1964.
  18. Feenstra Kuiper. 100 Jahre Schachzweikämpfe
        Feenstra Kuiper, Pieter. Hundert Jahre Schachzweikämpfe. W. Ten Have N.V., 1967.
  19. Fiala. Cologne 1898
        Fiala, Vlastimil. 11th Congress of the German Chess Association, Cologne 1898. Moravian, 1997.
  20. Fiala. The Hague 1873
        Fiala, Vlastimil. First Congress of the Dutch Chess Association: The Hague 1873. Moravian, 2005.
  21. Fiske. First American Chess Congress
        Fiske, Daniel W. The Book of the First American Chess Congress. Rudd and Carleton, 1859 (Olms, 1985).
  22. Forster. Amos Burn
        Forster, Richard. Amos Burn: A Chess Biography. McFarland, 2004.
  23. Forster. The Zurich Chess Club
        Forster, Richard. The Zurich Chess Club, 1809-2009. McFarland, 2011.
  24. Gaige. Chess Personalia
        Gaige, Jeremy. Chess Personalia: A Biobibliography. McFarland, 1987.
  25. Gaige. Chess Tournament Crosstables I
        Gaige, Jeremy. Chess Tournament Crosstables, vol. I (1851-1900). Self-published, 1969.
  26. Gaige. Chess Tournament Crosstables II
        Gaige, Jeremy. Chess Tournament Crosstables, vol. II (1901-1910). Self-published, 1971.
  27. Gaige. Chess Tournament Crosstables III
        Gaige, Jeremy. Chess Tournament Crosstables, vol. III (1911-1920). Self-published, 1972.
  28. Gilberg. Fifth American Chess Congress
        Gilberg, Charles A. The Fifth American Chess Congress. Brentano's Literary Emporium, 1881 (Olms, 1986).
  29. Gillam. London, 1868/9
        Gillam, A.J. The Meeting of the British Chess Association, London 1868/9. The Chess Player, 2003.
  30. Goldman. Carl Schlechter!
        Goldman, Warren. Carl Schlechter! Life and Times of the Austrian Chess Wizard. Caissa, 1994.
  31. Golombek. Golombek's Encyclopedia
        Golombek, Harry. Golombek's Encyclopedia of Chess. Batsford, 1977.
  32. Hannak. Emanuel Lasker
        Hannak, J. Emanuel Lasker: The Life of a Chess Master. Simon and Schuster, 1959.
  33. Harding. Correspondence Chess
        Harding, Tim. Correspondence Chess in Britain and Ireland, 1824 - 1987. McFarland, 2011.
  34. Harding. Eminent Victorian Chess Players
        Harding, Tim. Eminent Victorian Chess Players, Ten Biographies. McFarland, 2012.
  35. Harding. Joseph Henry Blackburne
        Harding, Tim. Joseph Henry Blackburne, A Chess Biography. McFarland, 2015.
  36. Harding. Doctoral thesis
        Harding, Timothy. 'Battle at long range': correspondence chess in Britain and Ireland, 1824-1914, a social and cultural history. Dublin University, 2009.
  37. Hilbert. Essays in American Chess History
        Hilbert, John S. Essays in American Chess History. Caissa, 2002.
  38. Hilbert. Napier
        Hilbert, John S. Napier, the Forgotten Chessmaster. McFarland, 1997.
  39. Hilbert. Tragic Life of Leonard
        Hilbert, John S. The Tragic Life and Short Chess Career of James A. Leonard, 1841-1862. McFarland, 2006.
  40. Hilbert. Walter Penn Shipley
        Hilbert, John S. Walter Penn Shipley, Philadelphia's Friend of Chess. McFarland, 2003.
  41. Hilbert. Writings in Chess History
        Hilbert, John S. Writings in Chess History. Moravian, 2012.
  42. Hilbert. Young Marshall
        Hilbert, John S. Young Marshall. Moravian, 2002.
  43. Hilbert and Lahde. Albert Beauregard Hodges
        Hilbert, John S. and Lahde, Peter P. Albert Beauregard Hodges: The Man Chess Made. McFarland, 2008.
  44. Hillyer. Thomas Frère
        Hillyer, Martin Frère. Thomas Frère and the Brotherhood of Chess. McFarland, 2007.
  45. Hindle. Mystery of Edward Pindar
        Hindle, Owen. The Mystery of Edward Pindar, Chess Nomad. Ostrava, 2005.
  46. Hooper and Whyld. Oxford Companion (1st ed.)
        Hooper, David and Whyld, Kenneth. The Oxford Companion to Chess. Oxford, 1984.
  47. Hooper and Whyld. Oxford Companion (2nd ed.)
        Hooper, David and Whyld, Kenneth. The Oxford Companion to Chess (2nd ed.). Oxford, 1992.
  48. Hunneman. Selection of Games by the Automaton
        Hunneman, W.J. Chess, A Selection of Fifty Games, from those played by the Automaton Chess Player.... W. Pople, 1820. [web link]
  49. Kieseritzky. Cinquante Parties
        Kieseritzky, Lionel. Cinquante Parties Jouées au Cercle des Échecs.... Café de la Régence, 1846. [web link]
  50. Löwenthal and Medley. Chess Congress of 1862
        Löwenthal, Johann J. and Medley, George W. The Chess Congress of 1862. Henry G. Bohn, 1864. [web link]
  51. Löwenthal and Medley. Transactions of the BCA, 1868-1869
        Löwenthal, Johann J. and Medley, George W. Transactions of the British Chess Association for the Years 1868 and 1869. Longmans, Green, Reader and Dyer, 1869 (Moravian).
  52. Landsberger. Steinitz Papers
        Landsberger, Kurt. The Steinitz Papers, Letters and Documents of the First World Chess Champion. McFarland, 2002.
  53. Landsberger. William Steinitz
        Landsberger, Kurt. William Steinitz, Chess Champion. McFarland, 1993.
  54. Lange and Falkbeer. Paul Morphy Sketch
        Lange, Max and Falkbeer, Ernst. Paul Morphy, A Sketch from the Chess World. J.H. Starie, 1860.
  55. von der Lasa. Berliner Schach-Erinnerungen
        von der Lasa, Tassilo. Berliner Schach-Erinnerungen Nebst den Spielen des Greco und Lucena. Von Veit, 1859. [web link]
  56. Lasker. Lasker's Manual of Chess
        Lasker, Emanuel. Lasker's Manual of Chess. McKay, 1947 (Dover, 1960).
  57. Lawson. Paul Morphy
        Lawson, David. Paul Morphy, the Pride and Sorrow of Chess. David McKay, 1976.
  58. Levitt. The Turk, Chess Automaton
        Levitt, Gerald M. The Turk, Chess Automaton. McFarland, 2000.
  59. Moran. World Chess Championship I
        Moran, Pablo. The World Chess Championship: Steinitz to Alekhine. Batsford, 1986.
  60. Murray. History of Chess
        Murray, H.J.R. A History of Chess. Oxford, 1913.
  61. NDCA. Northumberland and Durham Chess Association Meeting
        NDCA. Report of the First Annual Gathering of the Northumberland and Durham Chess Association... 2nd and 3rd April, 1866. Daily Journal, 1867. [web link]
  62. Pope. Harry Nelson Pillsbury
        Pope, Jacques N. Harry Nelson Pillsbury, American Chess Champion. Pawn Island, 1996.
  63. Reichhelm and Shipley. Chess in Philadelphia
        Reichhelm, Gustavus Charles and Shipley, Walter Penn. Chess in Philadelphia. 1891 (Moravian).
  64. Rogers. New York State Chess Association
        Rogers, H.J. New York State Chess Association, History and Report 1878-1891. Riggs Printing, 1891. [web link]
  65. Rowland. Pollock Memories
        Rowland, F.F. Pollock Memories: A Collection of Chess Games, Problems, &c., &c.. Mrs. F.F. Rowland, 1899 (Moravian).
  66. Sánchez. José Raúl Capablanca
        Sánchez, Miguel A. José Raúl Capablanca, A Chess Biography. McFarland, 2015.
  67. Saint James' Chess Club. Chess Match by Electric Telegraph
        Saint James' Chess Club. Chess Match by Electric Telegraph between the St. James' Chess Club and the Dublin Athenaeum Club. Adams and King, 1865. [web link]
  68. Sergeant. Morphy Gleanings
        Sergeant, Philip W. Morphy Gleanings. McKay, 1932.
  69. Sergeant. Century of British Chess
        Sergeant, Philip Walsingham. A Century of British Chess. Hutchinson, 1934.
  70. Sergeant. Morphy's Games of Chess
        Sergeant, Philip Walsingham. Morphy's Games of Chess. G. Bell and Sons, 1919. [web link]
  71. Shadbolt. Afghan Campaigns of 1878-1880
        Shadbolt, Sydney H. The Afghan Campaigns of 1878-1880. Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, and Rivington, 1882. [web link]
  72. Skinner and Verhoeven. Alexander Alekhine's Chess Games
        Skinner, Leonard M. and Verhoeven, Robert G.P. Alexander Alekine's Chess Games, 1902-1946. McFarland, 1998.
  73. Skipworth. Counties' Chess Association
        Skipworth, A.B. The Book of the Counties' Chess Association. James Williamson, 1885-1887. [web link]
  74. Skjoldager and Nielsen. Aron Nimzowitsch
        Skjoldager, Per and Nielsen, Jørn Erik. Aron Nimzowitsch, On the Road to Chess Mastery, 1886-1924. McFarland, 2012.
  75. Soltis. Frank Marshall
        Soltis, Andy. Frank Marshall: United States Champion. McFarland, 1994.
  76. Standage. The Turk
        Standage, Tom. The Turk. Walker, 2002.
  77. Staunton. The Chess Tournament
        Staunton, Howard. The Chess Tournament. Henry G. Bohn, 1852 (Batsford, 1986).
  78. Stephen. Dictionary of National Biography, vol.19
        Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography, vol.19. Smith, Elder, 1889. [web link]
  79. Stephen. Dictionary of National Biography, vol.37
        Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography, vol.37. Smith, Elder, 1894. [web link]
  80. Sunnucks. Encyclopaedia of Chess
        Sunnucks, Anne. The Encyclopaedia of Chess. St. Martin's, 1970.
  81. Thulin. Name index to CTC
        Thulin, Anders. Name Index to Jeremy Gaige's Chess Tournament Crosstables. Self-published, 2004. [web link]
  82. Tomlinson. Chess Player's Annual 1856
        Tomlinson, Charles. The Chess Player's Annual for the Year 1856. Arthur Hall, Virtue & Co., 1856. [web link]
  83. Townsend. Historical Notes on Players
        Townsend, John. Historical Notes on Some Chess Players. Berforts Information Press, 2014.
  84. Townsend. Notes on Staunton
        Townsend, John. Notes on the Life of Howard Staunton. MPG Books, 2011.
  85. Urcan. Adolf Albin in America
        Urcan, Olimpiu G. Adolf Albin in America, A European Chess Master's Sojourn, 1893-1895. McFarland, 2008.
  86. Urcan. Julius Finn
        Urcan, Olimpiu G. Julius Finn, A Chess Master's Life in America, 1871-1931. McFarland, 2010.
  87. Urcan and Braunwarth. Arthur Kaufmann
        Urcan, Olimpiu G. and Braunwarth, Peter Michael. Arthur Kaufmann, a Chess Biography 1872-1938. McFarland, 2012.
  88. Utterberg. De la Bourdonnais versus McDonnell
        Utterberg, Cary. De la Bourdonnais versus McDonnell, 1834. McFarland, 2005.
  89. Wade. Soviet Chess
        Wade, R.G. Soviet Chess. Spearman, 1968.
  90. Walker. New Jersey Chess Association
        Walker, Duncan S. New Jersey Chess Association, History of its Meetings and Tournaments. Inquirer Print, 1908. [web link]
  91. Walker. Chess and Chess Players
        Walker, George. Chess and Chess Players. Charles J. Skeet, 1850. [web link]
  92. Walker. Chess Studies
        Walker, George. Chess Studies: Comprising One Thousand Games.... Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1844. [web link]
  93. Walker. A Selection of Games at Chess
        Walker, William Greenwood. A Selection of Games at Chess Actually Played in London, by the late Alexander M`Donnell, Esq..... Thomas Hurst, 1836. [web link]
  94. Whyld. English Tournaments
        Whyld, Ken. English Tournaments 1857-1866. The Chess Player, 2003.
  95. Williams. Souvenir of the Bristol Club
        Williams, Elijah. Souvenir of the Bristol Chess Club. R. Hastings, 1845. [web link]
  96. van Winsen. James Mason in America
        van Winsen, Joost. James Mason in America, the Early Chess Career, 1867-1878. McFarland, 2011.
  97. van Winsen. Mackenzie, Mason and Co. I
        van Winsen, Joost. Mackenzie, Mason and Co., Part I. The Chess Player, 2012.
  98. van Winsen. Mackenzie, Mason and Co. II
        van Winsen, Joost. Mackenzie, Mason and Co., Part II. The Chess Player, 2013.
  99. van Winsen. Mackenzie, Mason and Co. III
        van Winsen, Joost. Mackenzie, Mason and Co., Part III. The Chess Player, 2014.
  100. van Winsen. Mackenzie, Mason and Co. IV
        van Winsen, Joost. Mackenzie, Mason and Co., Part IV. The Chess Player, 2015.
  101. Winter. Chess Explorations
        Winter, Edward. Chess Explorations. Cadogan, 1996.
  102. Winter. Chess Facts and Fables
        Winter, Edward. Chess Facts and Fables. McFarland, 2005.
  103. Winter. A Chess Omnibus
        Winter, Edward. A Chess Omnibus. Russell, 2003.
  104. Winter. Kings, Commoners and Knaves
        Winter, Edward. Kings, Commoners and Knaves. Russell, 2001.
  105. Yanofsky. 100 Years of Chess in Canada
        Yanofsky, D.A. 100 Years of Chess in Canada. Chess Federation of Canada, 1967.
  106. Zavatarelli. Ignatz Kolisch
        Zavatarelli, Fabrizio. Ignatz Kolisch, the Life and Chess Career. McFarland, 2015.