Bird, Henry




Ratings

Year       Rank    Edo    Dev.   Games 
1847  36  2336 (64) 16
1848  35  2337 (60) 0
1849  45  2339 (51) 14
1850  36  2375 (47) 28
1851  38  2391 (42) 46
1852  31  2403 (55) 0
1853  35  2415 (62) 0
1854  25  2426 (64) 0
1855  20  2438 (63) 0
1856  18  2450 (58) 3
1857  21  2461 (51) 14
1858  22  2470 (51) 14
1859  19  2482 (53) 9
1860  23  2478 (59) 3
1861  22  2475 (66) 0
1862  23  2472 (69) 0
1863  20  2469 (69) 0
1864  21  2465 (66) 0
1865  18  2462 (60) 0
1866  20  2459 (50) 25
1867  23  2451 (56) 0
1868  26  2443 (57) 0
1869  28  2435 (53) 10
1870  27  2443 (56) 0
1871  24  2450 (53) 6
1872  18  2485 (49) 0
1873  13  2521 (35) 73
1874  15  2510 (38) 24
1875  17  2507 (39) 12
1876  11  2534 (29) 252
1877  10  2536 (42) 0
1878  11  2539 (38) 24
1879  11  2530 (40) 23
1880  13  2525 (40) 25
1881  16  2521 (43) 6
1882  18  2498 (35) 40
1883  23  2505 (31) 50
1884  28  2491 (38) 6
1885  25  2507 (31) 51
1886  25  2487 (30) 55
1887  40  2460 (34) 22
1888  40  2458 (30) 48
1889  30  2477 (25) 106
1890  28  2483 (31) 48
1891  43  2445 (36) 18
1892  67  2401 (34) 39
1893  111  2344 (39) 20
1894  103  2349 (44) 3
1895  91  2363 (41) 21
1896  122  2314 (43) 12
1897  120  2314 (47) 13
1898  127  2311 (52) 0
1899  126  2308 (50) 26

Rating table notes

Biographical data
Name: Bird, Henry Edward  
Born: 14 July 1829
Died: 11 Apr. 1908
 
Notes:
Reichhelm gives year of birth as 1831. Sergeant, Feenstra Kuiper, Gaige, Golombek, Hooper and Whyld, Forster, and Cornil give date of birth as 14-07-1830. Harding makes a convincing case that it was actually 14-07-1829, from baptismal records. Staunton gives his name as 'J.H.S. Bird' in the Mar. 1849 issue of the Chess Player's Chronicle (p.66), clearly an error.
 
References
Books
   Bird, Chess History and Reminiscences
   Cornil, Le Café de la Régence, page 8, 241
   Edgar, Liverpool Chess Club, page 7
   Feenstra Kuiper, 100 Jahre Schachturniere, page 11, 249, 300
   Feenstra Kuiper, 100 Jahre Schachzweikämpfe, page 65, 75, 122
   Fiske, First American Chess Congress, page 8, 29, 42
   Forster, Amos Burn, page 200, 954
   Gaige, Chess Personalia, page 39
   Gilberg, Fifth American Chess Congress, page 107
   Golombek, Golombek's Encyclopedia, page 29
   Harding, Eminent Victorian Chess Players, page 108, 315, 364
Periodicals
   [BLL], 8 July 1849, page 5
   [CPC], vol. 9, Sep. 1848, page 272
   [CPC], vol. 10, Mar. 1849, page 66
   [CPC], vol. 10, June 1849, page 174
   [WP], vol. 1, Jan. 1869, page 110
Web
   Sarah.  [Paul Morphy's Contenders]
   Sericano, C.  [Maestri di scacchi dell'800]
   Spinrad, Jeremy P.  [Early World Rankings], page 7
   Winter, Edward.  [CN 5376. H.E. Bird in America]

Match data  (f=formal; c=casual; s=soft)

Buckle, H.T. - Bird, H.E. 1847         (c)     9   -   7      Buckle, H.T. gave odds of pawn and move
Medley, G.W. - Bird, H.E. 1849         (f)     7   -   4
Bird, H.E. - Hughes, H. 1850 (1)         (s)     0   -   1      Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
Bird, H.E. - Hughes, H. 1850 (2)         (s)     2   -   0      Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
Bird, H.E. - Smith, C.F. 1850         (f)     10.5   -   3.5
Bird, H.E. - Lowe, E. 1850         (f)     7   -   4
Kieseritzky, L.A.B.F. - Bird, H.E. 1851         (c)     8   -   2
Horwitz, B. - Bird, H.E. 1851         (f)     9   -   5
Anderssen (offhand) - Bird, H.E. 1851         (c)     9   -   9
Bird, H.E. - Falkbeer, E.K. 1856         (f)     2   -   1
Falkbeer, E.K. - Bird, H.E. 1857         (f)     7.5   -   6.5
Morphy, P.C. - Bird, H.E. 1858         (c)     10.5   -   1.5
Harrwitz, D. - Bird, H.E. 1859         (c)     2.5   -   2.5
Anderssen (offhand) - Bird, H.E. 1866         (c)     1   -   0
Steinitz, W. - Bird, H.E. 1866         (f)     9.5   -   7.5
Bird, H.E. - Wisker, J. 1873 (1)         (f)     7   -   7
Bird, H.E. - Wisker, J. 1873 (2)         (f)     7.5   -   5.5
Bird, H.E. - Baucher, H. 1873         (c)     0.5   -   0.5
Bird, H.E. - Wisker, J. 1873 (3)         (f)     9.5   -   11.5
Bird, H.E. - Wisker, J. 1874         (f)     5.5   -   3.5
Bird, H.E. - Lord, J. 1874         (f)     7.5   -   2.5
Mason, Ja. - Bird, H.E. 1876 (1)         (f)     13   -   6
Bird, H.E. - Alberoni, E. 1876 (1)         (c)     20.5   -   19.5
Bird, H.E. - Barbour, L.D. 1876         (c)     6.5   -   4.5
Bird, H.E. - Davidson, H. (1) 1876         (c)     3   -   6
Bird, H.E. - Elson, J. 1876         (c)     6   -   1
Bird, H.E. - Martinez, D.M. 1876         (c)     25   -   22
Bird, H.E. - Neill, B.M. 1876         (c)     0   -   2
Bird, H.E. - Roberts, A. 1876         (c)     1   -   1
Bird, H.E. - Ryan, J.S. 1876         (c)     6   -   1
Mason, Ja. - Bird, H.E. 1876 (2)         (c)     7   -   21
Bird, H.E. - Alberoni, E. 1876 (2)         (c)     7   -   0
Bird, H.E. - Ensor, A.W. 1876         (c)     12   -   2
Jacobsen, J.L. - Bird, H.E. 1879         (c)     4.5   -   2.5
Bird, H.E. - Blackburne, J.H. 1879 (1)         (f)     2.5   -   5.5
Bird, H.E. - Blackburne, J.H. 1879 (2)         (f)     1.5   -   0.5
Bird, H.E. - Maczuski, L. 1881         (f)     5.5   -   0.5
Bird, H.E. - Maczuski, L. 1882         (f)     7.5   -   4.5
Bird, H.E. - Skipworth, A.B. 1885         (f)     5   -   2
Bird, H.E. - Burn, A. 1886         (f)     9   -   9
Gunsberg, I.A. - Bird, H.E. 1886         (f)     6.5   -   2.5
Bird, H.E. - Shipley, W.P. 1887         (s)     2   -   1
Blackburne, J.H. - Bird, H.E. 1888         (f)     4   -   1
Bird, H.E. - Shipley, W.P. 1889         (f)     5.5   -   3.5
Bird, H.E. - Elson, J. 1889         (c)     0.5   -   0.5
Bird, H.E. - Martinez, C.S. 1889         (c)     6   -   6
Bird, H.E. - Newman, C.J. 1889         (c)     3   -   4
Bird, H.E. - Priester, A. 1889         (c)     4   -   0
Bird, H.E. - Robinson, A.K. 1889         (c)     5.5   -   4.5
Bird, H.E. - Young, J.W. (1) 1889         (c)     5   -   1
Gunsberg, I.A. - Bird, H.E. 1889         (f)     3   -   2
Lasker, Em. - Bird, H.E. 1890         (f)     8.5   -   3.5
Bird, H.E. - Loman, R.J. 1892         (f)     4   -   2
Lasker, Em. - Bird, H.E. 1892         (f)     5   -   0
Bird, H.E. - Jasnogrodsky, N. 1893         (f)     7.5   -   7.5
Lee, F.J. - Bird, H.E. 1897         (f)     8   -   5

Tournament data

London 1849     Ries' Divan tournament    
  Bird, H.E. - Medley, G.W.     1 - 2    
London 1851 (1)     The International Chess Tournament    
  Bird, H.E. - Horwitz, B.     1.5 - 2.5    
Birmingham and London 1858     2nd British Chess Association Congress    
  Bird, H.E. - Brien, R.B.     1 - 1    
London 1859 (2)     Purssell's Chess Rooms Handicap    
  Bird, H.E. - Falkbeer, E.K.     1.5 - 2.5    
London 1860 (2)     St. James's Club Handicap Tournament    
  Bird, H.E. - Burden, F.     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and move
  Bird, H.E. - Puller, A.G.     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a knight
  Bird, H.E. - Lowenthal, J.J.     0 - 1    
London 1866 (1)     1st British Chess Association Challenge Cup     1  /  7
London 1869 (3)     2nd British Chess Association Challenge Cup     4  /  10
London 1871 (1)     City of London Club Handicap - Section 1    
  Bird, H.E. - Huckvale, J.A.     2 - 1          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and move
  Bird, H.E. - Parr, G.     1 - 2          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a knight
Vienna 1873     Vienna International Tournament     14.5  /  24
London 1874 (2)     City of London Club Handicap    
  Bird, H.E. - de Vere, C.V.     1 - 2    
  Bird, H.E. - Pfahl, J.     0 - 1          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
London 1874 (3)     City of London Club - Bermondsey Club Match    
  Bird, H.E. - Watts, J.J.     0 - 1          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a knight
London 1875 (2)     City of London Club Handicap    
  Bird, H.E. - Heinke (2)     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a knight
  Bird, H.E. - Huckvale, J.A.     2.5 - 1.5          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
  Bird, H.E. - Eschwege, H.     2.5 - 1.5          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
  Bird, H.E. - Stow, A.T.     0 - 2          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a knight
Glasgow 1875 (3)     6th Counties Chess Association Meeting - Handicap Tournament    
  Bird, H.E. - Blackburne, J.H.     0 - 1    
New York 1876 (1)     Cafe International Tournament     20.5  /  28
Philadelphia 1876     4th American Chess Congress     8.5  /  14
New York 1876 (2)     Clipper Tournament     15  /  17
Paris 1878     Paris International Chess Congress     13  /  22
  Bird, H.E. - Mackenzie, G.H.     0 - 2    
London 1879 (1)     Lowenthal Tourney, 1st Class     2  /  3
London 1879 (2)     City of London Club Handicap    
  Bird, H.E. - Heppell, J.T.     1 - 2          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a rook
Wiesbaden 1880 (1)     Wiesbaden Meisterturnier     9  /  15
Gouda 1880     8th Netherland Chess Federation Tourney     9.5  /  10
Vienna 1882 (2)     Vienna International Tournament     11  /  28
London 1883 (5)     London Tournament     14.5  /  32
Nuremberg 1883 (5)     3rd German Chess Federation Congress - Meisterturnier     10.5  /  18
Bath 1884 (2)     14th Counties Chess Association Meeting - Class I, Division 1     3.5  /  6
London 1885 (7)     British Chess Association Tournament     12  /  15
Hamburg 1885 (6)     4th German Chess Federation Congress - Meisterturnier     8  /  17
Hereford 1885 (7)     15th Counties Chess Association Meeting - Master Tournament     7.5  /  10
  Bird, H.E. - Schallopp, E.     1 - 1    
London 1886 (2)     British Chess Club Master Tourney     5  /  7
London 1886 (5)     2nd British Chess Association Congress - Master Tourney     2.5  /  12
Nottingham 1886 (6)     Counties Chess Association - International Masters' Tournament     5.5  /  9
Stamford 1887 (1)     Counties Chess Association Meeting - Class I, Division I     3  /  6
Stamford 1887 (3)     Counties Chess Association Meeting - Handicap Tournament    
  Bird, H.E. - Wilson, J. (1)     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
  Bird, H.E. - Thorold, Ms. E.M.     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
  Bird, H.E. - Mills, D.Y.     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of the move
  Bird, H.E. - Pollock, W.H.K.     1 - 0    
London 1887 (4)     3rd British Chess Association Congress - Master Tournament     3  /  9
London 1888 (3)     Simpson's Divan Handicap Tournament     12  /  16
London 1888 (4)     British Chess Club Handicap     9.5  /  13
Bradford 1888 (1)     British Chess Association Tournament - Master Section     7  /  16
London 1889 (1)     Simpson's Divan Handicap Tournament     10.5  /  14
New York 1889 (2)     6th American Chess Congress     18  /  39
London 1889 (5)     5th British Chess Association Tournament     7.5  /  10
London 1890 (4)     Simpson's Divan Handicap     13  /  17
Manchester 1890 (1)     6th British Chess Association Tournament - Master Section     12  /  19
London 1891 (7)     Simpson's Divan Level Tourney - Winter     6.5  /  9
London 1891 (8)     Simpson's Divan Level Tourney - Summer     6  /  9
London 1892 (4)     7th British Chess Association Congress - Master Tournament     6.5  /  11
London 1892 (5)     British Chess Club Invitational Tournament     1  /  8
Belfast 1892 (1)     North of Ireland Congress     5  /  9
London 1893 (1)     Black and White Tourney     0.5  /  5
London 1894 (3)     Simpson's Divan Tournament     1.5  /  3
Hastings 1895 (7)     Hastings International Congress - Master's Tournament     9  /  21
London and New York 1896     1st Anglo-American Cable Match    
  Bird, H.E. - Burille, C.F.     0 - 1    
London 1896 (6)     Simpson's Divan Tournament     4  /  11
London 1899 (3)     London Major Tournament     6  /  26


Player information updated: 27 Mar. 2018