Bird, Henry




Ratings

Year       Rank    Edo    Dev.   Games 
1847  36  2335 (64) 16
1848  35  2336 (60) 0
1849  45  2338 (52) 14
1850  36  2374 (47) 28
1851  38  2390 (42) 46
1852  30  2401 (55) 0
1853  34  2413 (62) 0
1854  23  2424 (64) 0
1855  20  2436 (63) 0
1856  18  2448 (58) 3
1857  21  2458 (52) 14
1858  22  2468 (51) 14
1859  19  2479 (53) 9
1860  22  2476 (59) 3
1861  22  2473 (66) 0
1862  23  2469 (69) 0
1863  20  2466 (69) 0
1864  21  2463 (66) 0
1865  18  2460 (60) 0
1866  19  2456 (50) 25
1867  22  2449 (57) 0
1868  25  2441 (57) 0
1869  26  2433 (53) 10
1870  26  2441 (56) 0
1871  24  2448 (53) 6
1872  18  2483 (49) 0
1873  14  2519 (35) 73
1874  15  2508 (38) 24
1875  17  2507 (39) 12
1876  11  2535 (29) 252
1877  10  2537 (42) 0
1878  11  2538 (38) 24
1879  11  2530 (40) 23
1880  13  2524 (40) 25
1881  16  2521 (43) 6
1882  18  2497 (35) 40
1883  24  2505 (31) 50
1884  27  2490 (38) 6
1885  26  2506 (31) 51
1886  25  2486 (30) 55
1887  40  2459 (34) 22
1888  40  2457 (30) 48
1889  30  2475 (25) 106
1890  28  2481 (31) 48
1891  44  2443 (36) 18
1892  68  2400 (34) 39
1893  113  2343 (39) 20
1894  104  2348 (44) 3
1895  91  2362 (41) 21
1896  123  2313 (43) 12
1897  121  2313 (47) 13
1898  129  2310 (52) 0
1899  129  2308 (50) 26

Rating table notes

Biographical data
Name: Bird, Henry Edward  
Born: 14 July 1829
Died: 11 Apr. 1908
 
Notes:
Reichhelm gives year of birth as 1831. Sergeant, Feenstra Kuiper, Gaige, Golombek, Hooper and Whyld, Forster, and Cornil give date of birth as 14-07-1830. Harding makes a convincing case that it was actually 14-07-1829, from baptismal records. Staunton gives his name as 'J.H.S. Bird' in the Mar. 1849 issue of the Chess Player's Chronicle (p.66), clearly an error.
 
References
Books
   Bird, Chess History and Reminiscences
   Cornil, Le Café de la Régence, page 8, 241
   Edgar, Liverpool Chess Club, page 7
   Feenstra Kuiper, 100 Jahre Schachturniere, page 11, 249, 300
   Feenstra Kuiper, 100 Jahre Schachzweikämpfe, page 65, 75, 122
   Fiske, First American Chess Congress, page 8, 29, 42
   Forster, Amos Burn, page 200, 954
   Gaige, Chess Personalia, page 39
   Gilberg, Fifth American Chess Congress, page 107
   Golombek, Golombek's Encyclopedia, page 29
   Harding, Eminent Victorian Chess Players, page 108, 315, 364
Periodicals
   [BLL], 8 July 1849, page 5
   [CPC], vol. 9, Sep. 1848, page 272
   [CPC], vol. 10, Mar. 1849, page 66
   [CPC], vol. 10, June 1849, page 174
   [WP], vol. 1, Jan. 1869, page 110
Web
   Sarah.  [Paul Morphy's Contenders]
   Sericano, C.  [Maestri di scacchi dell'800]
   Spinrad, Jeremy P.  [Early World Rankings], page 7
   Winter, Edward.  [CN 5376. H.E. Bird in America]

Match data  (f=formal; c=casual; s=soft)

Buckle, H.T. - Bird, H.E. 1847         (c)     9   -   7      Buckle, H.T. gave odds of pawn and move
Medley, G.W. - Bird, H.E. 1849         (f)     7   -   4
Bird, H.E. - Hughes, H. 1850 (1)         (s)     0   -   1      Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
Bird, H.E. - Hughes, H. 1850 (2)         (s)     2   -   0      Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
Bird, H.E. - Smith, C.F. 1850         (f)     10.5   -   3.5
Bird, H.E. - Lowe, E. 1850         (f)     7   -   4
Kieseritzky, L.A.B.F. - Bird, H.E. 1851         (c)     8   -   2
Horwitz, B. - Bird, H.E. 1851         (f)     9   -   5
Anderssen (offhand) - Bird, H.E. 1851         (c)     9   -   9
Bird, H.E. - Falkbeer, E.K. 1856         (f)     2   -   1
Falkbeer, E.K. - Bird, H.E. 1857         (f)     7.5   -   6.5
Morphy, P.C. - Bird, H.E. 1858         (c)     10.5   -   1.5
Harrwitz, D. - Bird, H.E. 1859         (c)     2.5   -   2.5
Anderssen (offhand) - Bird, H.E. 1866         (c)     1   -   0
Steinitz, W. - Bird, H.E. 1866         (f)     9.5   -   7.5
Bird, H.E. - Wisker, J. 1873 (1)         (f)     7   -   7
Bird, H.E. - Wisker, J. 1873 (2)         (f)     7.5   -   5.5
Bird, H.E. - Baucher, H. 1873         (c)     0.5   -   0.5
Bird, H.E. - Wisker, J. 1873 (3)         (f)     9.5   -   11.5
Bird, H.E. - Wisker, J. 1874         (f)     5.5   -   3.5
Bird, H.E. - Lord, J. 1874         (f)     7.5   -   2.5
Mason, Ja. - Bird, H.E. 1876 (1)         (f)     13   -   6
Bird, H.E. - Alberoni, E. 1876 (1)         (c)     20.5   -   19.5
Bird, H.E. - Barbour, L.D. 1876         (c)     6.5   -   4.5
Bird, H.E. - Davidson, H. (1) 1876         (c)     3   -   6
Bird, H.E. - Elson, J. 1876         (c)     6   -   1
Bird, H.E. - Martinez, D.M. 1876         (c)     25   -   22
Bird, H.E. - Neill, B.M. 1876         (c)     0   -   2
Bird, H.E. - Roberts, A. 1876         (c)     1   -   1
Bird, H.E. - Ryan, J.S. 1876         (c)     6   -   1
Mason, Ja. - Bird, H.E. 1876 (2)         (c)     7   -   21
Bird, H.E. - Alberoni, E. 1876 (2)         (c)     7   -   0
Bird, H.E. - Ensor, A.W. 1876         (c)     12   -   2
Jacobsen, J.L. - Bird, H.E. 1879         (c)     4.5   -   2.5
Bird, H.E. - Blackburne, J.H. 1879 (1)         (f)     2.5   -   5.5
Bird, H.E. - Blackburne, J.H. 1879 (2)         (f)     1.5   -   0.5
Bird, H.E. - Maczuski, L. 1881         (f)     5.5   -   0.5
Bird, H.E. - Maczuski, L. 1882         (f)     7.5   -   4.5
Bird, H.E. - Skipworth, A.B. 1885         (f)     5   -   2
Bird, H.E. - Burn, A. 1886         (f)     9   -   9
Gunsberg, I.A. - Bird, H.E. 1886         (f)     6.5   -   2.5
Bird, H.E. - Shipley, W.P. 1887         (s)     2   -   1
Blackburne, J.H. - Bird, H.E. 1888         (f)     4   -   1
Bird, H.E. - Shipley, W.P. 1889         (f)     5.5   -   3.5
Bird, H.E. - Elson, J. 1889         (c)     0.5   -   0.5
Bird, H.E. - Martinez, C.S. 1889         (c)     6   -   6
Bird, H.E. - Newman, C.J. 1889         (c)     3   -   4
Bird, H.E. - Priester, A. 1889         (c)     4   -   0
Bird, H.E. - Robinson, A.K. 1889         (c)     5.5   -   4.5
Bird, H.E. - Young, J.W. (1) 1889         (c)     5   -   1
Gunsberg, I.A. - Bird, H.E. 1889         (f)     3   -   2
Lasker, Em. - Bird, H.E. 1890         (f)     8.5   -   3.5
Bird, H.E. - Loman, R.J. 1892         (f)     4   -   2
Lasker, Em. - Bird, H.E. 1892         (f)     5   -   0
Bird, H.E. - Jasnogrodsky, N. 1893         (f)     7.5   -   7.5
Lee, F.J. - Bird, H.E. 1897         (f)     8   -   5

Tournament data

London, England 1849     Ries' Divan tournament    
  Bird, H.E. - Medley, G.W.     1 - 2    
London, England 1851 (1)     The International Chess Tournament    
  Bird, H.E. - Horwitz, B.     1.5 - 2.5    
Birmingham and London, England 1858     2nd British Chess Association Congress    
  Bird, H.E. - Brien, R.B.     1 - 1    
London, England 1859 (2)     Purssell's Chess Rooms Handicap    
  Bird, H.E. - Falkbeer, E.K.     1.5 - 2.5    
London, England 1860 (2)     St. James's Club Handicap Tournament    
  Bird, H.E. - Burden, F.     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and move
  Bird, H.E. - Puller, A.G.     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a knight
  Bird, H.E. - Lowenthal, J.J.     0 - 1    
London, England 1866 (1)     1st British Chess Association Challenge Cup     1  /  7
London, England 1869 (3)     2nd British Chess Association Challenge Cup     4  /  10
London, England 1871 (1)     City of London Club Handicap - Section 1    
  Bird, H.E. - Huckvale, J.A.     2 - 1          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and move
  Bird, H.E. - Parr, G.     1 - 2          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a knight
Vienna 1873     Vienna International Tournament     14.5  /  24
London, England 1874 (2)     City of London Club Handicap    
  Bird, H.E. - de Vere, C.V.     1 - 2    
  Bird, H.E. - Pfahl, J.     0 - 1          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
London, England 1874 (3)     City of London Club - Bermondsey Club Match    
  Bird, H.E. - Watts, J.J.     0 - 1          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a knight
London, England 1875 (2)     City of London Club Handicap    
  Bird, H.E. - Heinke (2)     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a knight
  Bird, H.E. - Huckvale, J.A.     2.5 - 1.5          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
  Bird, H.E. - Eschwege, H.     2.5 - 1.5          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
  Bird, H.E. - Stow, A.T.     0 - 2          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a knight
Glasgow 1875 (3)     6th Counties Chess Association Meeting - Handicap Tournament    
  Bird, H.E. - Blackburne, J.H.     0 - 1    
New York 1876 (1)     Cafe International Tournament     20.5  /  28
Philadelphia 1876     4th American Chess Congress     8.5  /  14
New York 1876 (2)     Clipper Tournament     15  /  17
Paris 1878     Paris International Chess Congress     13  /  22
  Bird, H.E. - Mackenzie, G.H.     0 - 2    
London, England 1879 (1)     Lowenthal Tourney, 1st Class     2  /  3
London, England 1879 (2)     City of London Club Handicap    
  Bird, H.E. - Heppell, J.T.     1 - 2          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a rook
Wiesbaden 1880 (1)     Wiesbaden Meisterturnier     9  /  15
Gouda 1880     8th Netherland Chess Federation Tourney     9.5  /  10
Vienna 1882 (2)     Vienna International Tournament     11  /  28
London, England 1883 (5)     London Tournament     14.5  /  32
Nuremberg 1883 (5)     3rd German Chess Federation Congress - Meisterturnier     10.5  /  18
Bath 1884 (2)     14th Counties Chess Association Meeting - Class I, Division 1     3.5  /  6
London, England 1885 (7)     British Chess Association Tournament     12  /  15
Hamburg 1885 (6)     4th German Chess Federation Congress - Meisterturnier     8  /  17
Hereford 1885 (7)     15th Counties Chess Association Meeting - Master Tournament     7.5  /  10
  Bird, H.E. - Schallopp, E.     1 - 1    
London, England 1886 (2)     British Chess Club Master Tourney     5  /  7
London, England 1886 (5)     2nd British Chess Association Congress - Master Tourney     2.5  /  12
Nottingham 1886 (6)     Counties Chess Association - International Masters' Tournament     5.5  /  9
Stamford 1887 (1)     Counties Chess Association Meeting - Class I, Division I     3  /  6
Stamford 1887 (3)     Counties Chess Association Meeting - Handicap Tournament    
  Bird, H.E. - Wilson, J. (1)     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
  Bird, H.E. - Thorold, Ms. E.M.     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
  Bird, H.E. - Mills, D.Y.     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of the move
  Bird, H.E. - Pollock, W.H.K.     1 - 0    
London, England 1887 (4)     3rd British Chess Association Congress - Master Tournament     3  /  9
London, England 1888 (3)     Simpson's Divan Handicap Tournament     12  /  16
London, England 1888 (4)     British Chess Club Handicap     9.5  /  13
Bradford 1888 (1)     British Chess Association Tournament - Master Section     7  /  16
London, England 1889 (1)     Simpson's Divan Handicap Tournament     10.5  /  14
New York 1889 (2)     6th American Chess Congress     18  /  39
London, England 1889 (5)     5th British Chess Association Tournament     7.5  /  10
London, England 1890 (4)     Simpson's Divan Handicap     13  /  17
Manchester 1890 (1)     6th British Chess Association Tournament - Master Section     12  /  19
London, England 1891 (7)     Simpson's Divan Level Tourney - Winter     6.5  /  9
London, England 1891 (8)     Simpson's Divan Level Tourney - Summer     6  /  9
London, England 1892 (4)     7th British Chess Association Congress - Master Tournament     6.5  /  11
London, England 1892 (5)     British Chess Club Invitational Tournament     1  /  8
Belfast 1892 (1)     North of Ireland Congress     5  /  9
London, England 1893 (1)     Black and White Tourney     0.5  /  5
London, England 1894 (3)     Simpson's Divan Tournament     1.5  /  3
Hastings 1895 (7)     Hastings International Congress - Master's Tournament     9  /  21
London, England and New York 1896     1st Anglo-American Cable Match    
  Bird, H.E. - Burille, C.F.     0 - 1    
London, England 1896 (6)     Simpson's Divan Tournament     4  /  11
London, England 1899 (3)     London Major Tournament     6  /  26


Player information updated: 27 Mar. 2018